How to become a civil aviation pilot in Russia
Many young men and adult men want to work as pilots and fly in passenger or cargo airplanes, but becoming a professional pilot is not easy. The profession is very responsible, the pilot has no right to make a mistake, it is from his actions and decisions that the life of passengers and the safety of the cargo depend.
This profession is technically complex, the pilot needs to constantly monitor the readings of a large number of sensors and devices, and correctly navigate them. He must make the right decisions, control the actions of the co-pilot, interact seamlessly with airport controllers and pilots of other aircraft that are nearby.
If you saw the dashboard, which is located in the cockpit, you can imagine how difficult it is to control the airliner: the control panel houses hundreds of buttons, lamps, displays, toggle switches.
Where and for how long to study
Those who want to learn this profession can go to a flight school or a private pilot school. This specialty relates to "technical exploitation", therefore secondary specialized education is sufficient. But educational institutions require a lot from applicants, therefore, units come to study.
- Omsk Flight Technical College Lyapidevsky.
- Sasovskoe flight school them. Hero of the USSR Taran.
- Buguruslan Flight School Hero of the USSR Eromasov.
- Ulyanovsk Institute Marshal Bugaev, etc.
The duration of training in flight schools is 5 years on the basis of incomplete secondary education, on the basis of secondary special education - two years and ten months, in private schools 40-45 days.
What the cost of studying
The cost of studying in private schools is approximately 45,000 rubles per theory course and 12,000 rubles / hour for practice. In this case, the graduate should have 40 hours of flight.
At Aeroflot in the Florida Flight Center (USA), the initial training is 4.5 months, costing $ 55,000, excluding flights, visas, meals. After successful training, the graduate receives a USA pilot license. The second part of the training takes place at the Aeroflot flight school for about six months. For the second course you will have to pay about $ 30,000.
In the Chelyabinsk Flight School, training under this program costs from 2 to 3 million rubles.
Many state-owned flying facilities offer free tuition.
What documents are needed
It is necessary to submit to the selection committee:
- school certificate, diploma of a secondary special educational institution or university;
- pass the medical commission of VLEK and professional-psychological selection;
- provide vaccination certificate;
- certificate from a narcologist and psychiatrist;
- six photographs (3x4 cm).
At the time of application, you must have a passport, military ID or certificate from the military enlistment office about military duty.Video plot
Health Indications and Medical Board
High demands on health are imposed on pilots. This is due to transcendental psychological and physical stress. The work is very responsible and technically difficult, so not everyone can become a pilot.
- Mental illness (schizophrenia, psychopathy, neurosis).
- Narcological diseases (drug addiction, alcoholism).
- Diseases of the brain and spinal cord.
- Violations of neuropsychic functions.
- Deviations of the nervous system.
- Obesity II and higher.
- Diseases of the endocrine system.
- Pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Respiratory diseases.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Heart disease.
- Diseases of the stomach and digestive tract.
- Diseases of the liver, gall bladder, pancreas.
- Infections and parasitic infestation.
- Blood diseases.
- Kidney disease.
- Diseases of the joints and connective tissue.
- Tuberculosis and fungal infections of the lymph nodes.
- Diseases of bones, muscles, joints, cartilage and tendons, defects, scars from burns and frostbite.
- Benign tumors that disrupt organ function and obstruct movement.
- Defects and diseases of the chest and diaphragm, the consequences of surgical interventions and injuries.
- Diseases and defects of the esophagus.
- Defects and injuries of the abdominal wall, abdominal organs.
- Defects, diseases and damage to blood vessels.
- Urogenital inflammation.
- Urolithiasis disease.
- Malformations, injuries, diseases of the genitourinary organs.
- Skin and sexually transmitted diseases (leprosy, lymphoma, psoriasis, eczema, collagenosis).
- Sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea, etc.), AIDS.
- Female diseases (defects, genital diseases, endometriosis, consequences of childbirth and operations), pregnancy.
- Diseases of the eyes (conjunctivitis, lacrimal organs, lacrimal passages, eyeball, trauma, glaucoma, dichromasia, trichromasia, strabismus).
- Decreased vision (less than 1.0).
- Refraction with farsightedness greater than 1.0 D, myopia 0.5 D, astigmatism + (-) 0.5 D, anisometropia more than 1.0 D.
- Violation of accommodation - presbyopia in art. more than 4.0 D.
- Diseases of the ear, throat, nose, mouth, jaw.
- Decrease in hearing in one ear to the perception of speech frequencies (500, 1000, 2000 Hz) from 20 dB to 30 dB at a frequency of 4000 Hz to 65 dB, with the recognition of quiet speech at a distance of up to 2 meters, with good hearing of the other ear at speech frequencies ( 500, 1000, 2000 Hz) up to 10 dB, at a frequency of 4000 Hz up to 50 dB and recognition of quiet speech at a distance of up to 5 meters.
- Speech defects.
Pilots are almost equated with astronauts, so they must have excellent health.
For this category of pilots, such types of VLEK are provided for pilots of civil aviation (civil aviation):
- for applicants and students of flying schools (the most demanding);
- for those who have a GA pilot certificate;
- for applicants to a flight school or ATC under the program a private pilot.
How to become a pilot in 30 years
There are no age restrictions for those wishing to master this profession. But you need to consider if you already have an education that you received for free, you will have to pay for the next.
Whether they will be taken to the airline at the age of 30 or more depends on:
- shortage and oversupply of personnel in the market;
- quality training.
Many companies are distrustful of "adult graduates" and take pilots younger. To be competitive, you must be better prepared than other candidates.
There must be perfect health, you must be fit for military service. Otherwise, the medical board will reject you.
Now there is no longer much hype for pilots, as it was several years ago. The media often speak of a shortage of personnel in airlines, but in reality this only applies to commanders. There are a lot of applicants for the position of co-pilot.
How to get a job after training
If you are absolutely healthy, have high professional training, a flight time of 150 hours and a pilot’s certificate, then theoretically you can get a job in any airline in this specialty.
In fact, to fly on large airliners, you need more flying time - 1,500 hours.
What to do?
There are more than 60 airlines in the Russian Federation. First of all, you need to pay attention to small carrier companies that carry out domestic flights, it is easier to get a job there. Starting to serve, gain experience and fly the clock.Video tips
How much do pilots get in Russian airlines
The average salary of civilian pilots in the Russian Federation is about 140,000 rubles. In megacities - from 112,000 to 500,000 rubles. The smaller the city, the lower the earnings. In Samara, Orenburg or Ulan-Ude, it is approximately 80,000 rubles.
The pilot of Aeroflot receives around 400,000 rubles. A large list of benefits is attached (medical care, including members of his family, payment for accommodation in the cities of residence, social package up to 300,000 rubles, etc.).
In addition, the pilot's salary changes during the year, because it depends on the hours of flight. The more flights, the higher the earnings.
Where is the best place to study for an airplane pilot in Europe and how much does it cost
First of all, when choosing a place of study in Europe, you need to pay attention to the financial component. Studying in the UK or Germany costs 2-3 times more expensive than in Spain, the Czech Republic, Lithuania or Poland. It all depends on the school. A business education will cost € 30,000 (this does not include accommodation, meals, other expenses). The high price is due to many reasons:
- the cost of aircraft;
- airport fees;
- individual training program, etc.
For example, studying in the UK at the famous Oxford Aviation Academy costs about 142,000 €. But after completing the course, all the necessary international ratings will be on hand, which will make it possible to get into almost any global company. Not everyone has such an amount, so you can choose a school with a lower cost, while the service will not be worse, only the popularity of the institution is somewhat less. The cost of studying in Spain is lower (40,000 - 80,000 €), but there are ideal conditions for flights, as the weather is excellent almost all year round.
In eastern Europe, most schools have a curriculum for Russian students and the cost of education is lower. In the Czech Republic, Lithuania and Latvia, excellent schools that train civil pilots at the highest level. Education fully meets the standards of the European Union. After completing the course you will receive a license of a European standard, it will differ only in the country of issue.
There are many different professions in the world. The best representatives of the young generation choose this worthy of real men, a prestigious, demanded and highly paid, but responsible profession. In difficult situations, the pilot must not panic and make the right decisions on which the life of passengers depends. Good health, physical and mental stamina, will help in solving emergency situations.